عنوان مقاله [English]
Tudeh party was founded by part of a group of 53 individuals with some of the primitive communists and national figures. With confirmation of privilege of North Oil by Soviet government, it entered in a dispute with Dr. Mosaddegh and started an enemy relationship with him. Simultaneously with the forming of Democratic Party of Azerbaijan and Kurdistan Republic, this party reached to its high power; but faced with a hard defeating by the failure of abovementioned movements and the local division in 1326 and with the Party became closed in 1327 and escape of some leaders. With the establishment of National Front and forming Oil Nationalization movement, Tudeh Party had developed its activity in parliament ; but it couldn't stand the existence of another Party who was the claimant of national goals, therefore started some conflicting behaviors with National Front. In the prime minister period of Dr. Mosaddegh, his performance didn't satisfy the Party. So, he became a target of Party attacks until the policy of the Party had been changed by the stream of 30 Tir 1331. Although Tudeh Party was one of the biggest Parties of Iran, it began to support Dr. Mosaddegh in his last days of governorship, but it couldn't show a particular reaction in the coup of 28 Mordad 1332 and was disintegrated during few years.