عنوان مقاله [English]
Investigation of the principals’ general and professional qualifications is a framework for the systematization of the principals’ behaviors, skills, and opinions which influence the individuals’ quality of work. These investigations show what the principals should do in order to be able to perform their duties and responsibilities in the best way. The aim of the present study was to assess the principals’ general and professional qualifications with concentration on three elements of knowledge, role play, and group discussion through a qualitative-quantitative (mixed) approach. In this study, the tools such as questionnaires, closed interviews, observation, and scenario were used. The statistical society of the research included 50 principals of junior and secondary school principals of Shahr-i Ray in Tehran Province.
The findings showed that the highest level of significance lies in the principals’ general knowledge, the highest level of significance among the elements investigated lies in the familiarity with the rules and regulations and executive instructions, and the lowest level of significant knowledge lies in creativity variable. The results of the research showed that in order to have an efficient education system, the principals’ general and professional qualification should be assessed annually and their selection should be done based on a meritocratic system. The present process for the selection of principals as the leaders of education is not an appropriate method to select the qualified individuals because the private relations and judgments of the education administrates is affective on the principals’ section which is detrimental for the beneficiaries.